Texas Joint Resolutions – Constitutional Amendments

There are several joint resolutions that have been introduced for consideration by the 86th Texas Legislature.  Resolutions are different than bills. Here’s how:

Joint resolutions are used to propose amendments to the Texas Constitution, ratify proposed amendments to the U.S. Constitution, or request a constitutional convention to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

Joint resolutions proposing amendments to the Texas Constitution require a vote of two-thirds of the total membership of each chamber for adoption. Other joint resolutions require a simple majority vote in each chamber for adoption. A joint resolution follows the same course that a bill follows through both chambers and is like a bill in most respects, except that in the house, the resolution may be adopted on second reading if it receives the required number of votes. Three readings are required to adopt a joint resolution in the senate.

Joint resolutions adopted by the legislature are not submitted to the governor for signing but are filed directly with the secretary of state. An amendment to the Texas Constitution proposed by an adopted joint resolution requires approval by Texas voters at a general election. The secretary of state conducts a drawing to determine the order in which the proposed constitutional amendments will appear on the ballot.

Source: Texas Legislative Council